Technology

Artificial Intelligence- Definition, Types, and Branches

Artificial intelligence is making machines understand human commands, recognize images, drive cars, play games, and perform complex tasks within minutes. It would be no wrong to say that the AI has changed the face of technology in the twenty-first century.

The definition of artificial intelligence says, “The ability of machines to think, behave, and perform like a human being. In other words, it is the simulation of human intelligence, such as learning, reasoning, and self-correcting, by computer systems. AI helps in increasing accuracy, decision making, resolving complex problems, performing complex computations, and many other tasks. The technology can be broadly classified into four types, which we are going to cover in this article.

Types of artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence can be categorized into two types:

Artificial intelligence

Type 1- Based on capabilities

  • Weak or Narrow AI

It focuses mainly on one narrow task to make simple machines act smartly to do their job. An example of weak AI is a Poker game where all the rules and moves are pre-defined in the machine to make it beat a human.

  • General or Strong AI

General AI makes a machine work on par with the human abilities or potential. In other words, this type of AI gives a machine the ability to mimic like a human being, including thinking and performing tasks.

  • Super AI

Super AI is the stage of artificial intelligence where the machine or the computer system surpasses the ability of a human being. This type of AI is hypothetical; however, keeping in view the potential of this technology, it would be no wrong to say that Super AI may become a reality in the future.

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Type 2- Based on functionalities

  • Reactive machines

This type of AI relies upon the current data with no memory. In other words, it cannot use past information to make decisions for the future. IBM Chess program that beat the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov in 1990 is an example of this type of AI.

  • Limited memory

Limited memory AI posses a short memory where it can store limited information, and thus, can take future decisions accordingly. An example of this type of AI is self-driving cars where the information or the route is stored beforehand in the memory.

  • Theory of mind

This advanced type of artificial intelligence focuses on the emotional intelligence to comprehend human thoughts and beliefs. Theory of mind is an emerging artificial intelligence that has not been completely developed yet.

  • Self-awareness

It is an AI with its own consciousness, emotions, and ability to make decisions on its own. This type of AI doesn’t have any existence as of now but its development can be a milestone in the field of technology. Not to mention, achieving this stage of super-intelligence may also leave adverse effects on human beings.

Branches of Artificial Intelligence

AI can be achieved through a number of ways; here we have provided seven main branches of this technology. Check it out:

  • Machine learning- ML can be further categorized into deep learning, supervised, and unsupervised.
  • Computer vision- Image recognition and machine vision comes under this branch.
  • Planning
  • Robotics
  • Natural language processing- It includes content extraction, machine translation, classification, text generation, and question-answering.
  • Speech- It comprises of speech to text and text to speech.
  • Expert system
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Conclusion

The article covers four major types and branches of artificial intelligence that are transforming the world of technology. You can leverage them to scale up and streamline your business processes and automate repetitive and time-consuming tasks. And if you are looking out for AI/ML app development to integrate artificial intelligence in your existing business processes or to develop a new application, then reach out to Machine learning development company. Make sure you choose the one with a considerable amount of experience and knowledge of the technology.

Guhur Muktar

I am an SEO expert, writer and blogger with a strong passion for writing. I shares opinions and opinions on a range of topics such as technology, reviews, design, Android, gadget and many more...

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