Artificial intelligence is making machines understand human commands, recognize images, drive cars, play games, and perform complex tasks within minutes. It would be no wrong to say that the AI has changed the face of technology in the twenty-first century.
The definition of artificial intelligence says, “The ability of machines to think, behave, and perform like a human being. In other words, it is the simulation of human intelligence, such as learning, reasoning, and self-correcting, by computer systems. AI helps in increasing accuracy, decision making, resolving complex problems, performing complex computations, and many other tasks. The technology can be broadly classified into four types, which we are going to cover in this article.
Types of artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence can be categorized into two types:
Type 1- Based on capabilities
Weak or Narrow AI
It focuses mainly on one narrow task to make simple machines act smartly to do their job. An example of weak AI is a Poker game where all the rules and moves are pre-defined in the machine to make it beat a human.
General or Strong AI
General AI makes a machine work on par with the human abilities or potential. In other words, this type of AI gives a machine the ability to mimic like a human being, including thinking and performing tasks.
Super AI is the stage of artificial intelligence where the machine or the computer system surpasses the ability of a human being. This type of AI is hypothetical; however, keeping in view the potential of this technology, it would be no wrong to say that Super AI may become a reality in the future.
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Type 2- Based on functionalities
This type of AI relies upon the current data with no memory. In other words, it cannot use past information to make decisions for the future. IBM Chess program that beat the world chess champion, Garry Kasparov in 1990 is an example of this type of AI.
Limited memory AI posses a short memory where it can store limited information, and thus, can take future decisions accordingly. An example of this type of AI is self-driving cars where the information or the route is stored beforehand in the memory.
Theory of mind
This advanced type of artificial intelligence focuses on the emotional intelligence to comprehend human thoughts and beliefs. Theory of mind is an emerging artificial intelligence that has not been completely developed yet.
It is an AI with its own consciousness, emotions, and ability to make decisions on its own. This type of AI doesn’t have any existence as of now but its development can be a milestone in the field of technology. Not to mention, achieving this stage of super-intelligence may also leave adverse effects on human beings.
Branches of Artificial Intelligence
AI can be achieved through a number of ways; here we have provided seven main branches of this technology. Check it out:
- Machine learning- ML can be further categorized into deep learning, supervised, and unsupervised.
- Computer vision- Image recognition and machine vision comes under this branch.
- Natural language processing- It includes content extraction, machine translation, classification, text generation, and question-answering.
- Speech- It comprises of speech to text and text to speech.
- Expert system
The article covers four major types and branches of artificial intelligence that are transforming the world of technology. You can leverage them to scale up and streamline your business processes and automate repetitive and time-consuming tasks. And if you are looking out for AI/ML app development to integrate artificial intelligence in your existing business processes or to develop a new application, then reach out to Machine learning development company. Make sure you choose the one with a considerable amount of experience and knowledge of the technology.