Health

Procedures Available For Treating Retinal Tears & Retinal Detachments

Retinal detachment or torn retina happens for different reasons. It is a condition in which the retina is pulled away from its original position at the back of the eye. The two most important things to understand about retinal detachment are the symptoms and people who are at risk.

Symptoms Of Detached Or Torn Retina

The symptoms may not be noticeable if only a small part of the retina has detached. One can see signs of the detached retina if the condition is severe.

The basic symptoms are:

  • Increase in the number of floaters that interrupts the vision.
  • Flashes of light.
  • Curtain-like shadow on the side or in the middle of the eye vision.

The symptoms may sometime show and then disappear. If you see something unnatural for long, one must see an ophthalmologist for thorough eye exams. Retinal detachment is a medical emergency and must not be left untreated. It may lead to permanent vision loss. Make sure you find the best eye hospital in Delhi for retina treatments.

Who Is Prone To A Detached Retina?

Torn or detached retina may happen to anyone. But some people are at higher risks depending on certain factors. People who are at higher risks are:

  • There’s retinal detachment in the family.
  • Serious eye trauma.
  • Complicated eye surgeries.
  • Diabetic retinopathy.
  • Extreme nearsightedness.
  • The detachment of the posterior vitreous.

In case you are doubtful about your eye conditions, you need to consult with an eye surgeon and get your eye tested. Make sure that you take all your medical test reports along with you while you visit an ophthalmologist.

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Treatments Available For Retinal Detachment

Scleral Buckle

In this procedure, the eye surgeon locates the retinal detachments and treats it with a laser instrument. This is the most common type of retinal detachment surgery. It can be performed as an outpatient procedure. Local anesthesia or intravenous sedation is used before the treatment starts. This process creates scar tissue that helps the gap between the retina and layers underneath it get sealed. The doctor uses either cryotherapy or photocoagulation for this surgery.

Vitrectomy

In this process, the doctor inserts an instrument on the sclera of the eye after making an incision.

This is done to remove the vitreous gel to treat the retina with photocoagulation or cryotherapy. After sealing the tear the doctor uses intraocular gas to fill the gap created by removing the gel. This gas pushes the retina gently back to its original place.

Pneumatic Retinopexy

This process is done in certain conditions when the eye surgeon needs to locate the retinal detachment. It involves placing numbing drops in the eye and then inserting a small needle. It removes a little amount of the fluid and injects intraocular gas. This gas remains for some days as it keeps pushing the retina to its actual place.

One has to know the risk and complications involved with each of these retinal detachments surgical methods. But above all, one needs to get in touch with an ophthalmologist. Only an experienced doctor can recommend the best treatment for torn retina as per the patient’s eye exam reports.

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